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Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir versus Daclatasvir/Sofosbuvir for the Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype 4 Patients

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Lamiaa N. Abdelaty, Ahmed A. Elnaggar, Amira A. Said and Raghda R.S. Hussein*   Pages 53 - 60 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Chronic Hepatitis C (CHC) is a common progressive healthcare challenge that leads to liver cirrhosis, liver failure, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The optimum therapy was a combination of pegylated interferon and ribavirin, which was associated with moderate response and severe side effects. Sofosbuvir revolutionized CHC treatment, especially in combination with other antiviral agents.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate the safety and efficacy of sofosbuvir/ daclatasvir versus sofosbuvir/ledipasvir for the treatment of non-cirrhotic naïve patients with chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) genotype 4 infection for 12 weeks.

Methods: One hundred CHC genotype 4 patients (70 females, 30 males) were recruited from the hepatology clinic at the Beni-Suef general hospital. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups that received a 12 weeks treatment of either sofosbuvir 400 mg/daclatasvir 60 mg or sofosbuvir 400 mg/ledipasvir 90 mg. The sustained virological response 12 weeks post-treatment (SVR12) (HCV RNA < Lower Limit of Quantification (LLOQ)) was determined to evaluate efficacy. The clinical laboratory tests and any reported adverse effects starting from the administration of the first dose till 30 days after the last dose were assessed to evaluate safety.

The main outcome measure was the assessment of the safety, efficacy and compliance of sofosbuvir/ daclatasvir versus sofosbuvir/ledipasvir for the treatment of non-cirrhotic naïve CHC genotype 4 patients for 12 weeks.

Results: SVR12 was achieved by 98% and 96% of patients receiving sofosbuvir plus ledipasvir and sofosbuvir plus daclatasvir, respectively. The most common adverse events reported were headache, and fatigue. No patients discontinued treatment due to adverse events.

Conclusion: The findings from this study suggest that the 12 weeks treatment regimens of sofosbuvir plus daclatasvir and sofosbuvir plus ledipasvir were both efficacious and well-tolerated in patients with HCV genotype 4 infection.

Impact on Practice: In this paper, we report on the most recent approaches in the treatment of Hepatitis C genotype 4 patients in Egypt. This is significant because this article focuses on comparing the efficacy and tolerability of the most commonly used antiviral drugs in Egypt.

Keywords:

Hepatitis C, sustained virological response, polymerase chain reaction, adverse effects, ledipasvir/sofosbuvir, daclatasvir/sofosbuvir, lower limit of quantification.

Affiliation:

Clinical Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Clinical Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Clinical Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef

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